Remember that Vermont and Maine were not part of the 13 original colonies , although much of the architecture is similar, modified by French influences from the north. The temperate climate in these states made them the ideal location to grow a variety of crops, such as tobacco, cotton and indigo. The number of slaves in Colonial America increased from 10,000 in the 1600's to 400,000 in the 1700's. Chandler. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. A loom was a textile machine for weaving yarn into textiles. Linsey-woolsey, or wincey, was a strong, coarse fabric. Colonial Work - HorsesHorses were a profitable livestock commodity that could be used for trade and export. The Headright System was introduced in 1691. The cultivation of highly lucrative rice quickly spread to all of the Southern colonies and became one of the top ten trade exports to England. Wood was the necessary raw material required for the ship building industries, barrel making and to build the houses in the colonies. 4th grade . A Reverberatory furnace of 1647 used to melt iron. By the end of the 17th century, there were several shipbuilders working in the region to supply New England fishermen and traders but also to sell cheaply to British customers. Land was a commodity in short supply in England. Create a travel brochure that will catch the eye of a common European person. A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields. 2 minutes ago by. Textiles were made chiefly from wool and flax. Potter 5. New Jersey's economy and culture were similar to the other mid-Atlantic and New England colonies. The cotton gin  was a machine that separated the cotton fibers from the seed ten times faster that the slaves could do by hand. The colonial work and jobs related to farming led to other industries. Jobs - New England Colonies. Played 0 times. Fisherman were an important job because the New England Colonies were really close to the ocean and they had to … Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in oil lamps and for making soaps. Which explains why most early colonial work related to farming and agriculture. The first plantations were worked by Indentured servants the massive sizes of the plantations needed more and more labor. Like many other Europeans, the Puritans of New England believed in the supernatural. A variant of the indigo plant is native to South Carolina and Georgia. This industry greatly affects the future of this region. These two factors determined the types of crops that would be successful and led to a great diversity of agriculture in the Northern colonies as opposed to the colonies in the South and the Middle colonies and the colonial work and jobs available in each of the areas. Massachusetts 2. The first two trades they turned their hands to were fishing and lumber. Connecticut 4. Fishermen supply the colonies with food they need, therefore, a very important job in our region. Gunsmiths had to be skilled in working with both wood and metal. DRAFT. The English and European colonists had no practical experience of rice crops and the production of rice required its workers to possess knowledge of the land and how to cultivate. Different blue shaded dyes were obtained from the leaves of the indigo plant from ranging from bright blue to violet and purple. Several hoops were used to hold the barrel together and one of the many uses of the iron exported to England. The deep harbors and easy access to the ocean allow for fishing for crabs, lobsters, whales, and other large fish year round. Colonial Work - Household IndustriesIt was very expensive to import textiles from England so small, household industries emerged in the colonies. Those who had farms too far inland to take advantage of the sea busied themselves with secondary occupations like running taverns and ordinaries near roads, trapping and hunting game, or traveling from farm to farm as peddlers or laborers. 315.4: 286.0: 286.5 288.()-27. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. Another job … Many different breeds of horses were brought to America by the colonists. The slaves provided sufficient labor force to produce the demanding crop. Workers that are in New England are all skilled workers because farming is not an industry in the north. Save. Seeds were first grown in flats and then the seedlings were planted by laborious hoeing in the fields. The swampland first had to be cleared. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. During the 17th century serge, a durable twilled woolen fabric, was commonly used for bed curtains, upholstery and clothing. 4th grade . A cotton plant formed bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers. Some colonists were trappers and others were fur traders negotiating trade with the Native Indians. Life in Colonial Rhode Island - Economy, Trade, Industries and Jobs The way of life in Colonial Rhode Island was determined by religion, wealth, status and how colonists could make a living. By 1774, 3 out of 4 families in the American colonies owned their own farms. Colonial Work - Land and the Headright System. Edit. One of the jobs in the New England Colonies was a blacksmith. Trades/professions of people in a New England village: 1. Some barrels were made in the colonies due to the English policy of Salutary Neglect but the basis of  Mercantilism was to supply raw materials to England for their workers to make finished goods - finished goods have a higher value than raw materials. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. In the early days of Colonial America the women  helped with the planting and harvesting of the crops which added to the colonial work and jobs undertaken by the women who lived on the farms. Whaling was so profitable that, despite its dangers, many hundreds of ships were used for the whaling industry. Fisherman were an important job because the New England Colonies were really close to the ocean and they had to catch fish for the colonies. Social Studies. Ambergris was an extremely valuable substance found in whales and used for the production of medicines and perfumes. The Southern Colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Cloth made in the home was called “homespun.” Other every day items were required leading to other household industries. Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony.The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). The fur trade was highly lucrative and the French and English had fought to monopolize the fur trade which led to the Beaver Wars. ()-8.Footnotes (p) Preliminary Source: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area The Current Employment Statistics (CES) Survey is a monthly survey of business establishments which provides estimates of employment, hours, and earnings data by industry for the nation as a whole, all States, and most major metropolitan areas since 1939. They make horse shoes, axes, gun parts, and nails. Merchants dominated urban society; about 40 merchants controlled half of Philadelphia ‘s trade. Many different types of colonial work and jobs were related to the ship building industry including carpenters, joiners, sail makers, barrel makers, (for transporting the products), painters, caulkers (they sealed joints making ships water-tight) and blacksmiths. The abundance of timber and lumber made shipbuilding cheap in the colonies. The first settlement in New England, now present-day Massachusetts was founded by the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. In Delaware alone swampland covered over 30,000 acres. The American Colonies were divided into three regional areas—the New England Colonies (Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut), the Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware), and the Southern Colonies (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caroline, and Georgia). The people who took the decision to move from their homeland to the uncertainties of life in the New World were looking for a better life in the colonies. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Their types of farms and the jobs and work required to run the farms were dependent on the soil available and the climate. Edit. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The gunsmith made and repaired firearms for the town. The cotton fibers need to be separated from the seeds. The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.The New England colonies were part of the Thirteen Colonies and eventually became five of the six states in New England. The abundant tall, straight trees in New England were in great demand in Britain, and salt fish was always a strong trade item. There were many different types of fish including cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake, bass and sturgeon. This wood that was cut down could also be used to … 2,636 Colonial Life jobs available on Indeed.com. As in New England, the majority of the elite in the Middle Colonies were merchants. Milliner The milliner was the owner of the local clothing store. New England Colonies DRAFT. The system of enclosure (fencing in the land) meant there was limited land for the poor and working classes. North America had a vast variety of fur-bearing animals and the fur trade was often used to supplement the incomes from the farms - the beaver was the most important. New guns were usually imported from England. Farmers were encouraged to raise hemp as a crop and various incentives were offered to its production. 0% average accuracy. Staves and Headings were wooden items used in barrel making. Iron was used to make barrel hoops, anchors and chains for the ships, wagon wheels, plows, tools, spikes, kettles and nails. Jobs available in the Southern Colonies were centered primarily around agricultural industries. The staves were the narrow strips of wood that formed the sides of a barrel. Colonial Work - beaver pelts and the fur trade. The one certainty was that America offered vast amounts of land. Beaver skins were used in hat making. The headings were the lids of the barrels. Crops such as wheat required the building of flour mills where the wheat was ground into flour. This article provides a Colonial Work providing facts and information at a glance in respect of: History of the first 13 Colonies and how they became the United States, The colonization of America and the fascinating events that led colonists and patriots down the Road to Revolution. After a decade, a Great Migration of English people populated the Americas and founded the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Maine, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The first permanent settlement was Plymouth Colony, established by Puritans who came to the New World on the Mayflower in 1620. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Rice was a particularly difficult crop to cultivate but  the colonists mastered its culture with the example of rice cultivation in Africa provided by their African slaves. Picking took a few months during which time the cotton was put through the cotton gins, then pressed and finally baled before being shipped for market and export. Colonial Work - CottonCotton plants prosper in dry, hot sunny climates and rich soils. Blacksmith (works with metal) 2. People became indentured in different ways. Other forest products included resin (used for varnishing), tar (for coating and preserving timber), pitch (used for water proofing), turpentine (distilled pine oil used for cleaning), potash (made from wood ashes and used in soap, bleach and fertilizers). Mills were used for: Other establishments were introduced turning household industries into commercial industries - the breweries and distilleries. lissni. Staves and Headings were one of the top ten exports to England and were used by the barrel makers (coopers) in England. The prospect of owning land, an impossible prospect in England, was a great incentive to travel to America. This process was so time consuming and therefore expensive that cotton was not grown until 1793 when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. 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